Tuesday, August 25, 2020
Denise Cummens Greg Aamot English 122 3 March 2013 Allen W Taylor-The Night the Sirens Blew Everyone encounters at any rate one frightening occasion in the course of their life. How we absorb the occasion shapes our perspectives, or perhaps the other way around. It can turn into the impetus that lead, to fears; once in a while it even gains itself an extravagant title with Ã¢â¬Å"syndromeÃ¢â¬ connected as far as possible of it. Such a large number of us simply consider it a memory, yet one can impart to eight other people.People need to consistently recall that, tornadoes are not just fierce powers of nature; thusly, they are dangers of climate that transforms into tornadoes as, it powers change for the individuals who live in its way of pulverization. In the event that we proceed to glance back at that authentic day through the readings of, Ã¢â¬Å"The Night the Sirens Blew. Ã¢â¬ We get the recap of the more awful tornado flare-up in the Twin Cities, which was in 1965 and more regrettable of six in number tornadoes that happened around Minneapolis and St. Paul Minnesota on May 6, 1965. This was nicknamed Ã¢â¬Å"The Longest NightÃ¢â¬ and is the frequently associated with the two F4 tornadoes that hit Fridley, Minnesota.Where thirteen individuals were killed in the six tornadoes that contacted down in the Twin Cities region on that verifiable day. Individuals that survived that day review what befell the creator, first it was well known WCCO radio character Dick Ã¢â¬Å"ChappyÃ¢â¬ Chapman, who was the primary supporter the evening of the episode. He recalls that night started soon after 6p. m when the principal pipe cloud was spotted flawless Norwood Young America, only west of the Twin Cities. Chappy, reviews that was the start of a taxing night and he left the amplifier on until 1a. m the following morning.Chappy reviews his discussion with Joe Strub from the Weather Bureau. Joe was a remarkable person who truly knew a great deal about tempests. At t he hour of the chronicled episode, he was taking a shot at tornado exploration and found that these tempests would Ã¢â¬Å"pulseÃ¢â¬ . In another words, the tempest would assemble drop-construct drop. This is the manner by which he clarified this tempest was huge to the point that is actually Ã¢â¬Å"chewedÃ¢â¬ up flotsam and jetsam and flung it everywhere. Joe likewise was a pioneer in campaigning for more secure trailer park tornado avoidance measures. He needed Ã¢â¬Å"cement tie-downsÃ¢â¬ and fortified tempest protects in each trailer park.The numerous individuals that Allen Taylor conversed with about this chronicled day, additionally discussed the things that lead up to this gigantic night of tornadoes, similar to the St. PatrickÃ¢â¬â¢s day snowstorm result of March 17, 1965 and numerous awful flooding thus we were utilized to all the break in the news because of all the terrible climate, until the evening of the tornadoes. So after all the snowstorms and flooding the W eather Bureau snared in a Ã¢â¬Å"tie-lineÃ¢â¬ among WCCO and their workplaces, so when terrible climate hit they should simply get the telephone and report right at that point and there.All the individuals that conversed with Allen about the night the alarms blew all review the numerous tornadoes that cleared over the Western and Northern bits of the 7 district locales and that they extended from F2 to F4, which slaughtered thirteen individuals and harmed 683 individuals. On the off chance that it was not for the National Weather Bureau, neighborhood authorities, and the extraordinary correspondences by nearby radio and TV slots. The vast majority of the credit expected to go to the annoucers of WCCO with sparing incalculable lives. It was likewise the first run through in quite a while history that common resistance alarms were utilized for serious weather.The Weather Bureau said Ã¢â¬Å"we didnÃ¢â¬â¢t delay a bitÃ¢â¬ to sound the alarms. It was the first occasion when that the air attack alert was utilized as a tornado notice since the framework was initiated in May of 1959. So with all the things that occurred on that night and it isn't difficult to accept that everybody will involvement with least one frightening occasion in the course of their life. How we absorb the occasion shapes our mentalities, or perhaps the other way around. It can become impetus that lead, to fears, and here and there it even procures itself as only a memory to review offering to others.So the creator who reviews, the occasions in our youth shape our reality and our observations. He says despite the fact that he was just five when this chronicled night occurred he can review the shaded lighting and the once-in-an age power related with these tempests left an effect on him and all the individuals who survived that night. The two fundamental reasons he said he composed this book, was on the grounds that he has consistently been keen on tempests and needed to review that night , and he had an incredible delight of having the option to converse with the individuals who survived those tornadoes that night.Those tornadoes cleared everything out! In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s dollar the harm was 1. 2 billion dollars, making it the multitude of tornadoes and perhaps the costliest flare-up in US history. That night was the principle storm floods which brought forth 24 tornadoes in one night. It is his expectation by perusing this book you feel the feelings of the individuals who endure that night. Allen trust is that you appreciate the most explored recorded book at any point composed on the most noticeably terrible tornado out break at any point to hit the Twin Cities.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Guest focus - Essay Example Taking into account that the territory is a lake, the heaps are structured to such an extent that the heaps from the footings are transmitted to the basic layers with enough bearing ability to help the heap without settlement. Notice that all sections are inside the divider border, both inner and outside dividers. Since every single outside divider will be of coating, it would be stylishly suitable to have the coating possess the full width of a range at that point being part into two with a focal segment. As referenced beforehand, the footings will pass on the heaps to the heaps which thus are upheld by unbending layers. Parallel burdens (wind, ground development) are countered by pillars associated with the sections. The main pillars slanted from the level are the rooftop shafts which bolster the grass rooftop. The structure in this plan is genuinely steady as long as the shafts are of the satisfactory size and the pillar to-segment associations are adequately secured to one another. The main issue would be the solidness of the establishment, subsequently a complete geotechnical study must be done to decide the most reasonable sort of establishment. Plan 2 is suggested for the proposed structure. The expansion of halfway shafts to help the section would mean the decrease in the size of the individuals. Albeit more sections can be presented in the structure, it may not be conservative for the explanation that more establishment must be made to help it. In any case, more sections would bring about less loads conveyed by each balance, there is the peril of differential settlement to manage. At last, a broad geotechnical study must be led to decide the best establishment for this situation. At the point when the sort of establishment is resolved, the auxiliary surrounding would then be able to be intended to suit the kind of establishment whether be it heap or tangle establishment which nearly is the situation for little bearing limits run of the mill of delicate soils. The structure will have greater braces (segment to-section) pillars and littler middle shafts. References: McCarthy D., (2006) Essentials of Soil Mechanics and Foundations: Basic Geotechnics. Salmon C., Johnson, J., Malhas, F. (2008) Steel Structures: Design and Behavior. USA: Prentice
Wednesday, July 29, 2020
Announcing the 2019 Man Booker International Prize Winner The 2019 Man Booker International Prize Winner is Celestial Bodies by Jokha Alharthi, translated from Arabic by Marilyn Booth. The £50,000 prize, which celebrates the finest works of translated fiction from around the world, will be divided equally between the author and translator. Its a particularly momentous occasion as Jokha Alharthi is the first female Omani novelist to be translated into English and the first author from the Arabian Gulf to win the prize. The shortlist as a whole was also remarkable, as five of the six finalists were women and all of the books were from independent publishers. Celestial Bodies is set in the Omani village of al-Awafi and follows the stories of three sisters. Chair of the panel of judges, Bethany Hughes writes that, Celestial Bodies is A book to win over the head and the heart in equal measure, worth lingering over. Interweaving voices and timelines are beautifully served by the pacing of the novel. Its delicate artistry draws us into a richly imagined communityâ"opening out to tackle profound questions of time and mortality and disturbing aspects of our shared history. The style is a metaphor for the subject, subtly resisting clichÃ©s of race, slavery and gender. The translation is precise and lyrical, weaving in the cadences of both poetry and everyday speech. Celestial Bodies evokes the forces that constrain us and those that set us free. Weâre delighted to announce our #MBI2019 winner is Celestial Bodies by Jokha Alharthi, translated by Marilyn Booth and published by Sandstone Press. Read more here: https://t.co/rWHBRXwDOy pic.twitter.com/SfJr2Yg98u â" Man Booker Prize (@ManBookerPrize) May 21, 2019 The panel of judges included award-winning historian, author and broadcaster Bettany Hughes; writer, translator and chair of English PEN Maureen Freely; philosopher Professor Angie Hobbs; novelist and satirist Elnathan John and essayist and novelist Pankaj Mishra. Next year, the prize will be known as the International Booker Prize, as the sponsorship from the Man Group comes to an end and the prizeâs new sponsor Crankstart begins funding. Sign up to Today In Books to receive daily news and miscellany from the world of books.
Friday, May 22, 2020
Ulysses by James Joyce Many novelists directly reflect their life stories and personal circumstances in their works, so closely that the works may seem autobiographical. Although there are autobiographical parallels between James Joyces life and that of his characters in Ulysses, the novels scattered autobiographical details are more in the line of delightful puzzles to be ferreted out, rather than direct insights into Joyces life. What is really important in Ulysses is not the ties to Joyces personal experience; it is the way he uses his distinctively Irish experience to comment on the human condition in general. We think of Joyce as an Irish writer, and it may be surprising to learn that he left his native land as aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Joyce called his novel Ulysses as a conscious attempt to thematically evoke Homers Odyssey, whose hero Ulysses (today generally called Odysseus) also made an epic journey of self-discovery. Yet it is not only the Greek classics to which Joyce ha s turned for inspiration, but the medieval Irish classics as well. One has only to read any cycle of medieval Celtic myth (such as the Irish Noinden Ulad, or the Welsh Mabinogen) to observe the same extraordinary structure at work there. The episodic formlessness of the Irish mythological epics heavily influenced the choice of form -- or, some would say, the lack thereof -- that was begun in Joyces earlier works and brought to full fruition in Ulysses. The story line in either of these cycles flits from one anecdote to another in a manner that foreshadows Joyces own stream-of-consciousness technique. In addition, Joyces words are arranged not in a rational manner but with a wild, intuitive Irishness, with as much emphasis on the magic of language as there is on its intellectual logic. We can see an example of this in Molly Blooms ruminations in the final chapter, which consists of one single sentence extending for forty pages, with thought falling on thought like leaves piling up in the autumn. Consider just a fragment of that passage: Yes because he never did a thing like that before as ask to get hisShow MoreRelatedSummary Of Ulysses By James Joyce2022 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesDylan Madden Professor Jeffrey Skoblow English 497A 22 September 2017 First Journal Week 1-5 Ulysses by James Joyce Telemachus Going into this book for the first time, I found it difficult to understand what was transpiring until going back and rereading a number of times. In the first chapter, there were many themes that I discovered surrounding the character Stephen Dedalus. For example, the first theme, religion, had a deep effect on Stephen especially after his mother died and during his conversationRead MoreJames Joyce s The Odyssey And Ulysses1622 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesUlysses is arguably one of James JoyceÃ¢â¬â¢s most famous literary works. At least, the obscene sexual nature of Ulysses is notorious in itself. Indeed, it is widely considered that the novel was a scandal when it first appeared serialized in 1918. However, some consider that the epic Ã¢â¬Å"is still a scandal, nearly a century after its first publication. For something is missingÃ¢â¬ . Critics claim the missing element is romanticism and in this essay, the absence of mythical authority. The use of myth romanticizesRead More How Jam es Joyce Challenges His Readers in Ulysses and Finnegans Wake2592 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesHow James Joyce Challenges His Readers in Ulysses and Finnegans Wake Ã Ã Ã In the history of written literature, it is difficult not to notice the authors who expand their readers style and manner of reading. Some write inÃ an unusual syntax which forces the reader to utilize new methods of looking at a language; others employ lengthy allusions which oblige the reader to study the same works the author drew from in order to more fully comprehend the text. Some authors use ingenious andRead MoreLiterary and Character Analysis of Ulysses by James Joyce, Specifically Episode 18: Penelope1177 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages. What does Joyce seek to accomplish through his portrayal of Molly Bloom? In a 1922 interview with Vanity Fair, James Joyce said this about Ulysses, I simply sought to record what a man sees, says, and thinks, and what that saying, seeing, and thinking does to what you Freudians call the subconscious. I think this is important to keep in mind when considering the aforementioned question. The first thing most people observe when reading Penelope is the indelicate and plain-spokenRead More James Joyce Essay1100 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages In selecting James Joyces Ulysses as the best novel of the twentieth century, Time magazine affirmed Joyces lasting legacy in the realm of English literature. James Joyce (1882-1941), the twentieth century Irish novelist, short story writer and poet is a major literary figure of the twentieth-century. Regarded as quot;the most international of writers in EnglishÃ ¡K[with] a global reputation (Attridge, pix), Joyces stature in literature stems from his experimentation with English prose. InfluencedRead MoreEssay about The Role of Loneliness in James Joyces Ulysses980 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Role of Loneliness in James Joyces Ulysses Have you ever had one of those days when the world seems cold and unfeeling? Where the people that surround you are far away and uncaring? Ulysses is about one of those days, and two people who are stuck within it, searching desperately for a way out. Loneliness runs like a thread through Ulysses, a novel by James Joyce. It constantly tugs at the characters minds, and drives their lives in subtle ways. Joyce drives the point home by giving a drabRead MoreEssay on Theme of Epiphany in James Joyces Ulysses1302 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Theme of Epiphany in UlyssesÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã James Joyces Ulysses is a novel of epic proportions that has been proclaimed the greatest piece of literature of the twentieth century. Ulysses takes place in Dublin, Ireland on June 16, 1904. The book is full of parallels, metaphors, and experimental literary techniques. However, a dominant theme is that of epiphany. Not necessarily religious in meaning, the Joycean idea of epiphany is a sudden discovery of the essential nature or meaning of somethingRead More Buy Essay Online: Comparing Homers Odyssey and Joyces Ulysses2240 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesComparing Homers Odyssey and Joyces UlyssesÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã This essay will analyze the style, genre and plots of the Hades episodes found in Homers Odyssey and Joyces Ulysses. Before entering this small treatise, it is important to understand the etymology of the word Hades, since it is the setting for both Joyce and Homer (of course in Homers case, he was speaking of the literal aidhs and Joyce was referring to the graveyard, where Bloom attends the funeral of Paddy Dignam and broodsRead More Portrayal of Women in James Joyces Ulysses Essay1110 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPortrayal of Women in James Joyces Ulysses The novel, Ulysses, by James Joyce shows the reader hour by hour a single day in the life of one man.Ã But this epic which specifically deals with Leopold Bloom and has reference to Stephen Dedalus, holds so much more appendage to other areas of life.Ã One, is the portrayal of women in Ulysses. A common speculation is that men seem to have a more dominating status over women.Ã However, in UlyssesÃ that theory dwindles due to the women whoÃ play significantRead MoreSexual Expression: Defining JoyceÃ¢â¬â¢s Characters Essays2201 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesExpression: Defining JoyceÃ¢â¬â¢s Characters James Joyce uses sexuality throughout his works to establish an intimate and relatable bond between the reader and the characters in his works. All of JoyceÃ¢â¬â¢s works address issues in sexuality, which presents the idea that sexuality was of upmost importance to him. Given that sex is a large part of human existence, it is a good way to get the attention of the reader. A substantial amount of characters throughout Ulysses and A Portrait of the Artist as A Young
Saturday, May 9, 2020
Private Info on Process of Price Determination Essay Samples That Only the Experts Know About Things You Won't Like About Process of Price Determination Essay Samples and Things You Will Essentially, every price is not anything more than a relative measurement of market value. Thus, the purchase price of apples is set by supply and demand for apples. For example, it might be two bananas (if I want to buy an apple from you, I need to give you two bananas). In the event the price of different commodities increase. Indeed, it's precisely the identical ratio of exchange but simply stated in various terms. The equilibrium price is called the market clearing price as there's no surplus or shortage. The creation of the commodity whose price that doesn't increase will allow it to be less attractive than before. The cost of the main good (apples) in relation to the measurement good (bananas) is dependent on the relative market value of the 2 goods. As an example, it has to make sure the user is capable of understanding the method of finding the maximum from the item and also well-taken care off in case of need later on by the customer. Normally, it takes as much as two hours of time to comb through dozens of sites until you discover something exciting to write about. It is very important to understand what tool you could use for a particular end point. A whole lot of the moment, it can help to break down each process into subsections. Quality controlling is easily the most important thing in the metallography. Prioritizing your life can help you maintain your aims in check and likewise makes them easier to do. Determination is something which makes your life successful. The same as project analysis, process analysis makes certain that the process are made to work. If it's a process description, you should describe. Sophisticated view recognizes the significance of clinical judgment of client readiness to finish the treatment approach. Cost-free Behavioral Economics essay samples can be found FreeEssayHelp with no payment or registration. The complete Payroll department was accountable for accurate timesheets on each and every employee of the business. What to Expect From Process of Price Determination Essay Samples? The idea of determination usually focuses on a specific discipline, where the individual in question is capable of excelling. A determined person is usually optimistic also, which is also a great trait to get. Determination is one of the most important traits an individual can bear. On the other hand, it has the capability to turn all other talents and gifts of an individual into reality. Key Pieces of Process of Price Determination Essay Samples The process perspective understands how folks seek the rewards at work. You might have to compose an NHS essay before joining to demonstrate that you're eligible to join a prestigious organization. Appeal to our company in case you have any difficult ies. The society does engage in a wide selection of community service activities. Life, Death and Process of Price Determination Essay Samples There are a small number of tools you are able to use, such as technical analysis, to be in a position to know how to attain that objective. To improve the efficiency of energy usage, various ways should be ways are utilized to decrease energy usage. The usage of energy is well linked with the financial improvement. Consequently, the usage of contemporary energy is connected with the financial improvement. To begin with, you'll be better able to read and write your exam the next moment. It is essential to ready the sample correctly. Preparation of specimen for examination is a significant part metallography. To acquire the right observations, the specimen of the steel needs to be polished to the correct amount. Process of Price Determination Essay Samples - What Is It? Process and procedure paper is a sort of paper that demonstra tes the practice of writer's coming to the conclusions on the topic available. The exact first task would be to ascertain the process essay topics. Actually, when you have an urgent request we can offer you with the essay within 8 hours. There isn't only 1 process essay format but adhering to the perfect one required for your task or your coursework is crucial. What's more, it's important to alert the reader of what might fail and what can be done in order to prevent potential mistakes. The writer ought to be very keen to prevent confusion. Therefore, the description created by the author needs to be successive.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
That is an of import inquiry because the reply is that really we communicate all the clip in several ways in order to show our thoughts. We have different ways to pass on harmonizing to facts as age, civilization, instruction, etc. For illustration, when we are babes we merely cry but even when we do nÃ¢â¬â¢t talk we are showing something. We will write a custom essay sample on A Study On Communicative Teaching Education Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now Finally, when we learn to pass on utilizing our mark linguistic communication we do it of course because we are involved in a context that uses this linguistic communication so we get used to talk it in a short clip non by larning grammatical regulations but, as Nunan expresses we learn a linguistic communication Ã¢â¬Å" as a dynamic resource for the creative activity of intendingÃ¢â¬ ¦ we need to separate between cognizing assorted grammatical regulations and being able to utilize the regulations efficaciously and suitably when pass oning Ã¢â¬ . ( 1989 ) When we want to larn a new linguistic communication different from the mark one there are many methods or attacks that we can utilize, all of them for the same intent: Communicate. The communicative instruction attack arises from the dissatisfaction of many pedagogues that are non happy with the audio-lingual method because grammar is difficult to larn and pupils get bored in category because they do nÃ¢â¬â¢t happen the existent public-service corporation of the new linguistic communication. Since the pupils were larning how to construct a perfect sentence they did nÃ¢â¬â¢t hold the opportunity to pattern existent communicating. This method focuses more on the purpose of communicate and less in the perfect manner to talk because the pupils have to happen one manner or another to show what they want to state. This attack uses activities that simulate existent life state of affairss and encourages the pupil to pattern the new linguistic communication speech production it and happening the manner to give significance to their words without the necessity of a perfect grammar. In these activities the pupils can work in braces or groups where they can happen feedback from their schoolmates so they feel less afraid because they find themselves in a friendly context. These activities are more interesting for the pupils because they can utilize their ain thoughts and they do nÃ¢â¬â¢t hold to interpret or reiterate words to larn, so they keep motivated. They can take the manner to show their thoughts based on the individual who is listening to them and besides on the context that they are working in. Besides this method is good for the instructor because there is more flexibleness to do activities that seem more like a game giving pupils a relaxed and merriment environment where they can happen replies from their couples. Besides, the appraisal of the pupils is based in measure up the ability to pass on in a right manner. A communicative schoolroom is really noisy because the pupils have to be involved in activities where they can talk and listen to their schoolmates. Besides, they can work stand up and they can be traveling so the category is non deadening. Therefore, they gain assurance and they feel comfy talking the new linguistic communication. The pupils have the duty of their ain acquisition and the instructor acts more like a usher and an perceiver. The communicative method is based on several rules. One of the most used list of rules is David Nunan Ã¢â¬Ës ( 1991 ) which describes that: It puts accent in the communicating in the foreign linguistic communication across the interaction. It introduces existent texts in the state of affairs of acquisition. It offers chances to the students to believe about the acquisition procedure and non merely about the linguistic communication. It gives importance to the pupils Ã¢â¬Ë personal experiences as elements that they contribute to the acquisition of the schoolroom. It tries to associate the linguistic communication learned in the schoolroom with activities realized out of it. Therefore, the pupils are larning like in the existent life from their experiences and besides from the experiences and feedback from their schoolmates. Besides, they are larning to utilize the linguistic communication in simulations of day-to-day state of affairss, so they are acquiring accomplishments to public presentation in a societal and cultural existent context utilizing a normal linguistic communication non a perfect one like the one used in books. The pupils besides learn to hold coherency when they are talking to do their sentences apprehensible and meaningful. In this sort of schoolroom the pupils work in braces or groups so they can be able to better their interaction whit other people imitating a existent state of affairs holding an interaction that allows them to negociate an discuss uncertainties. Is of import the uninterrupted usage of the mark linguistic communication, here is where the instructor acts as a proctor oversing that the pupils do nÃ¢â¬â¢t talk in thei r native linguistic communication in order to hold a existent pattern during the activities. The pupils does nÃ¢â¬â¢t hold to act in a specific manner, when a error happens the pupils are non punished, alternatively of that the instructor raters to honor the eloquence and good pronunciation. Besides, in some activities the pupils are free to take what to state and they besides can take the easiest manner to state it. Thus the pupil can develop schemes to larn and measure by themselves. Another of import point is that the pupils have the opportunity to show their feelings and emotions so they feel comfy in category because they feel they are doing an of import part for the acquisition procedure. This method uses an effort to animate the existent communicating but is non precisely the same. It Ã¢â¬Ës of import that the pupils use what they learn in schoolroom when they are out of it. In other methods the chief purpose of acquisition is translate words and sentences and larn a perfect grammar that sometimes is sort of useless in existent life, is better to larn how to believe in the new linguistic communication so the pupils do nÃ¢â¬â¢t hold to interpret before speak, losing clip and eloquence. At the terminal, the significance is what matters the most. In other words what is of import is the content of the sentence, non the manner to state it. The chief technique in this method is to do activities that promote communicating between spouses. It Ã¢â¬Ës of import to hold a desire of communicating doing inquiries and giving replies to advance duologue holding a ground or a subject to speak about. The instructor can put the subject or give the pupils freedom to take it, therefore the pupils have a communicative intent. Sometimes activities in the communicative schoolroom can look unreal because pupils are merely conceive ofing state of affairss and besides because the instructor is largely of the clip following to them which non occurs in existent state of affairss. To avoid this disadvantage, the instructor can seek to utilize more existent stuff like magazines, books, games, etc. I think that this method can be used in a learner-centered schoolroom where the most of import individual is the pupil and all the activities are focused to better the public presentation of the scholar acquiring near to existent life state of affairss. In my personal experience as pupil I have had the opportunity to experiment communicative activities and I truly like them because small by small I Ã¢â¬Ëm less afraid to talk and to do errors because if I Ã¢â¬Ëm incorrect normally I have feedback from my schoolmates or from my instructor. Besides this method makes me experience more interested in the new linguistic communication, English in this instance because I like to utilize it non merely in the schoolroom but in my existent life. I would wish to utilize this method in my categories to do them more merriment and interesting and besides to make a friendly environment with my pupils. Mentions: Wikipedia ( 2009 ) Metodo Comunicativo [ Website ] Available from: A ; lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //es.wikipedia.org/wiki/M % C3 % A9todo_comunicativo gt ; [ December 2009 ] Nunan, David. ( 1991 ) . Planing undertakings for the communicative schoolroom. Cambridge Language Teaching Library [ Online Book ] Available from: A ; lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //books.google.com.mx/books? id=NSlMZp9XkHoC A ; dq=david+nunan % 2Bcommunicative+teaching A ; lr= A ; source=gbs_navlinks_s gt ; [ December 2009 ] Harmer, Jeremy ( 1991 ) The pattern of English Language Teaching. Longman.Longman Printing New York. Hedge, Tricia ( 2000 ) Teaching and Learning in the Language Classroom. Oxford University Press Library [ Online Book ] Available from: A ; lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //books.google.com.mx/books? id=VG8NuoGgKJYC A ; dq=hedge+tricia A ; lr= gt ; [ December 2009 ] How to cite A Study On Communicative Teaching Education Essay, Essay examples
Wednesday, April 29, 2020
Introduction CSC Australia in Perth is one of the largest providers of IT services in the region and it has 56% of the market in the region. 1 One of the advantages of the company is its global nature, i.e. the company operates globally.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Liability Capping: CSC Australia in Perth specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Another advantage of the company is its capability to cap liabilities as all multinationals tend to operate in accordance with major corporate laws. Liability capping is essential for CSC Australia as it operates in such areas as coal and gas mining which are often associated with a variety of safety concerns. Notably, the company pays special attention to safety issues and all companyÃ¢â¬â¢s employees have the necessary skills to consult clients on numerous safety issues.2 One of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s policies is to constantly move to niches where competition is the lowest . Thus, the company manages to reduce expenditure. Nonetheless, there are still a variety of issues to be addressed. For instance, one of the most urgent issues is increased competition which is aggravated by the on-going debate on the necessity to considerably increase liability capping for companies. Importantly, the increase of liability capping has negative as well as a positive outcome for the company. Decision Criteria To develop proper decision criteria, it is possible to employ Michael Porter Framework. The framework reveals five major forces affecting companies. These forces are threat of new competitors, threat of substitute services, bargaining power of buyers, bargaining power of suppliers and intensity of rivalry.3 It is important to note that the five factors are interconnected but some factors are more relevant for a particular company whereas other factors have little influence.4Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As for such factors as threat of substitute services or bargaining power of suppliers and buyers, they are quite irrelevant as the company pays a lot of attention to innovation and development of a variety of services for numerous clients with different paying capability. It is also necessary to note that there will always be demand in this sector as people still heavily rely on production of coal and gas. PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s forces can be regarded as appropriate criteria to evaluate possible alternatives for CSC to develop. Alternatives The First Alternative: Looking for New Niches The first possible alternative for CSC Australia is to continue the policies employed in the company. Thus, the company can move to other niches where competition is insignificant.5 First, the intensity of competitive rivalry will be almost insignificant as the company tends to move to niches where only a few providers operate. At that, the existing provi ders are likely to be small companies which have a very significant drawback as they cannot provide enough liability to the client. With respect to the debate concerning increase of liability capping, fewer companies (unless they are multinationals) will be able to cap their liabilities.6 Therefore, CSC Australia can operate in the new niche quite effectively as it is likely to be the only company capping liability. Nonetheless, quite soon every niche gets occupied by different companies. Therefore, the threat of new competition is very high and it makes this alternative quite ineffective as multinationals can also enter the niche chosen by the company. These companies can cap their liabilities and can provide services on different (more favourable) terms. The Second Alternative: Remaining in the Niches Looking for new niches is associated with certain risks mentioned above. It is necessary to remain in the niches and develop new services and new offers to remain attractive for the existing clients. However, the intensity of competitive rivalry is quite significant.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Liability Capping: CSC Australia in Perth specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The companyÃ¢â¬â¢s liability cap will not be regarded as one of the most important advantages as many multinationals cap their liabilities and pay a lot of attention to safety. There is also a threat of new competition as many companies appear and expand their markets. Many multinationals may enter the niches occupied by CSC, which will negatively affect the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s development. The Third Alternative: Combining the Two Alternatives It is possible to come up with another alternative which can be appropriate for the company. CSC Australia can remain in the niches chosen and simultaneously it will search for new niches. However, remaining in the Ã¢â¬ËoldÃ¢â¬â¢ niche does not mean that the company will simply of fer the same services at lower prices or develop some new products. It can be effective to develop services which can address issues in areas associated with higher risks. This can help the company avoid a lot of competition. Solution Therefore, it is possible to note that the third option is the most appropriate for the company as the first two are still associated with a lot of competition (new competition and intensive existing competition). Diversification has always been seen as an effective strategy. Thus, the company should continue searching for new niches, but this cannot be a priority for such large company as CSC Australia. At the same time, the company should develop strategies to remain competitive in the niches where the company is operating. One of the possible ways to do it is to develop new services which can be applied in areas associated with higher risks. This can lead to certain losses. However, this will positively affect the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s development in the long run. The company pays a lot of attention to innovation.7Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The company is capable of developing new services which will help miners work in more dangerous sites with minimal risk. Admittedly, the company will have to cap its liabilities which can also lead to increased expenditure. However, it is necessary to note that companies (large multinationals) tend to compensate possible losses.8 Therefore, in case of some accident the company will still pay certain compensations. Of course, if the company develops proper products, there will be no need to pay compensations. Implication To implement the solution suggested, the company will need to undertake certain steps. In the first place, it is essential to develop a definite strategy. It is crucial to set specific goals. All employees should be aware of the goals and the new strategy. The employees should understand the direction chosen. The innovation department should focus on the major objective while still working on a variety of projects. The major objective is development of products appli cable in more dangerous sites in coal and gas mining. It may be effective to pay more attention to human resources policies. The company may need to employ more professionals (perhaps, young professionals) who will come up with ideas to address existing issues in the industry. It is also crucial to develop human resources as employees may need to focus on development of quite new products. Of course, the company will continue searching for new niches. The company has significant experience in this sphere. Apart from offering established services, it is also possible to offer products applicable in dangerous sites. This will help acquire more experience and develop new products. The company has been cooperating with different companies in different projects.9 Development of new products may require cooperation with other companies. CSC Australia should be ready to collaborate with its rivals. The company should focus on its services and its capability to address the most serious issu es. Besides, the company will also stress its being responsible as it caps its liabilities. The companyÃ¢â¬â¢s clients should be aware of these advantages of the company. Therefore, the company should also shape its marketing strategy. Major focus should be made on the new products and the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s liability capping. Bibliography Grundy, Tony. Ã¢â¬Å"Rethinking and Reinventing Michael PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s Five Forces Model.Ã¢â¬ Strategic Change 15, no. 1 (2006): 213-229. Horton, Michael. Interview, Business Capstone Interviews, 2011, accessed from https://mcmaweb01.curtin.edu.au/content.php?content_id=382. Ketels, Christian H. M. Ã¢â¬Å"Michael PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s Competitiveness Framework Ã¢â¬â Recent Learnings and New Research Priorities.Ã¢â¬ J Ind Compet Trade 6, no. 1 (2006): 115-136. Kotadia, Munir. Ã¢â¬Å"AIA: Uncapped Liability Clause Makes Firms Lie.Ã¢â¬ ZDNet, April 21, 2006. Accessed from http://www.zdnet.com/aiia-uncapped-liability-clause-makes-firms-lie-1139 252849/. Stein, Sam. Ã¢â¬Å"Robert Menendez Pushes Bill Raising BPÃ¢â¬â¢s Oil Spill Liability to $10 Billion.Ã¢â¬ Huffington Post, May 25, 2011. Accessed from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/05/03/robert-menendez-pushes-bi_n_561011.html. Footnotes 1. Michael Horton, Interview, Business Capstone Interviews, 2011, accessed from https://mcmaweb01.curtin.edu.au/content.php?content_id=382. 2. Ibid. 3. Christian H. M. Ketels, Ã¢â¬Å"Michael PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s Competitiveness Framework Ã¢â¬â Recent Learnings and New Research Priorities,Ã¢â¬ J Ind Compet Trade 6, no. 1 (2006): 116. 4. Tony Grundy, Ã¢â¬Å"Rethinking and Reinventing Michael PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s Five Forces Model,Ã¢â¬ Strategic Change 15, no. 1 (2006): 218. 5. Michael Horton, Interview, Business Capstone Interviews, 2011, accessed from https://mcmaweb01.curtin.edu.au/content.php?content_id=382. 6. Munir Kotadia, Ã¢â¬Å"AIA: Uncapped Liability Clause Makes Firms LIe,Ã¢â¬ ZDNet, April 21, 2006, http://www.zdnet.com/a iia-uncapped-liability-clause-makes-firms-lie-1139252849/. 7 Michael Horton, Interview, Business Capstone Interviews, 2011, accessed from https://mcmaweb01.curtin.edu.au/content.php?content_id=382. 8. Sam Stein, Ã¢â¬Å"Robert Menendez Pushes Bill Raising BPÃ¢â¬â¢s Oil Spill Liability to $10 Billion,Ã¢â¬ Huffington Post, May 25, 2011, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/05/03/robert-menendez-pushes-bi_n_561011.html. 9. Michael Horton, Interview, Business Capstone Interviews, 2011, accessed from https://mcmaweb01.curtin.edu.au/content.php?content_id=382. This essay on Liability Capping: CSC Australia in Perth was written and submitted by user Rylee Sears to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Friday, March 20, 2020
The Bill of Rights, The Second Amendment essays I decided to choose the second amendment, which deals with two separate issues. The first part ensures that the United States has a sufficient military, and the second part guarantees the right of the people to keep and bear arms. The amendment states that a well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms shall not be infringed. Without this amendment, there would be no right for the United States to form a military under the Constitution. The importance of the latter is for people to have the right to protect them and there families from harm. I believe that this amendment is important because it allows the United States to produce the strongest military power. As a result of having the strongest military, the United States has emerged as a world leader and dominates many world issues. On October 21, 1998 Massachusetts legislation passed the Gun Control Act. This new law significantly changed the requirements regarding the purchase, possession, storage, licensing and carrying of firearms. This law also increases the criminal penalties for unlawful possessions and the use of firearms. I believe that this new law is beneficial and appeases to all of societys need for complete protection against the misuse of firearms. One aspect of this law is that all firearms must be stored in a locked container or have a locking device approved the state of Massachusetts. This particular aspect especially benefits families because it prevents any uncertified member of the household from mistreatment of the firearms. There were many situations where the mistreatment of household firearms resulted in child fatalities. However many citizens of Massachusetts opposed the new law because it was an inconvenience, and they felt that they could be held responsible for their own ac tions pertaining to the safety and security of their firearms. ...
Wednesday, March 4, 2020
Habits and Traits of the Asian Longhorned Beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis A recent immigrant to the United States, the Asian longhorned beetle (ALB) made its presence known quickly. Accidental introductions, probably in wooden packing crates from China, led to infestations in New York and Chicago in the 1990s. Thousands of trees were chipped and burned to prevent its spread. More recently, Anoplophora glabripennis appeared in New Jersey and Toronto, Canada. What makes this beetle so dangerous to our trees? All four stages of the life cycle damage the host trees. Description: The Asian Longhorned Beetle belongs to the family of wood boring beetles, Cerambycidae. Adult beetles measure 1-1Ã ½ inches in length. Their shiny black bodies have white spots or markings, and the long antennae have alternating black and white stripes. The Asian longhorned beetle may be mistaken for two species native to the U.S., the cottonwood borer and the whitespotted sawyer. All other stages of the life cycle occur within the host tree, so its not likely you will see them. The female chews away a small amount of bark and lays white, oval eggs singly within the tree. Larvae, which are also white and resemble small grubs, chew their way through the vascular tissue of the tree and move into the wood. Pupation happens within the tunnels the larvae create in the wood. The newly emerged adult chews its way out of the tree. Usually, identification of this pest is made by observing damage to the host trees, and then finding an adult beetle to confirm the suspected infestation. When the female oviposits, it causes the sap to weep. When a tree has multiple wounds with dripping sap, wood borers may be suspected. As the adults chew their way out of the tree, they push large amounts of sawdust from their exit holes. This accumulated sawdust, usually around the base of the tree or piled in the crotch of branches, is another sign of the Asian longhorned beetle. The adult beetle emerges from an oval exit hole about the size of a pencil eraser. Classification: Kingdom - AnimaliaPhylum - ArthropodaClass - InsectaOrder - ColeopteraFamily - CerambycidaeGenus - AnoplophoraSpecies - A. glabripennis Diet: Asian longhorned beetles feed on wood of many common hardwood species: birches, common horsechestnuts, elms, hackberries, London planes, maples, mountain ashes, poplars, aspens, and willows. They show a particular preference for maples. Larvae feed on the phloem tissue and wood; adults feed on bark during their mating and egg-laying period. Life Cycle: Asian longhorned beetles undergo complete metamorphosis with four stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. Egg - Eggs are laid singly within the host trees bark, and hatch in 1-2 weeks.LarvaÃ - Newly hatched larvae tunnel into the vascular tissue of the tree. As they mature, larvae migrate into the wood, causing extensive damage. Larvae may reach 5 cm in length when fully grown, feeding for at least 3 months.Pupa - At maturity, the larvae move near the surface of the tree (under the bark) to pupate. Adults emerge in about 18 days.Adult - The adult beetles actively mate and lay eggs throughout the summer and fall. Special Adaptations and Defenses: Asian longhorned beetle larvae and adults chew wood with large mandibles. Adults, especially males, display long antennae used to sense the sex pheromones of potential mates. Habitat: Areas where host trees are available, particularly where maples, elms, and ash are in abundance. In the U.S. and Canada, known Asian longhorned beetle infestations have occurred in urban areas. Range: The Asian longhorned beetles native range includes China and Korea. Accidental introductions expanded the range to include the United States, Canada, and Austria, hopefully temporarily. The introduced populations are believed to be under control. Other Common Names: Starry sky beetle, Asian cerambycid beetle Sources: Asian Longhorned Beetle, Canadian Forest ServiceAsian Longhorned Beetle, University of Vermont Entomology Researh Laboratory
Sunday, February 16, 2020
Julius Caesar play - Essay Example Julius Caesar is one of the most popular Shakespearean tragedies and is also one of the strongest political plays written by Shakespeare.It is a play that depicts the political conditions of Rome during the rein of Julius Caesar. Bloom and Loos also state, Ã¢â¬ËPlatter notes that he witnessed an Ã¢â¬Ëexcellent performance of the tragedy of the first Emperor Julius CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢ suggesting that he realized the significance of the play as a work about the death of the republic and the rise of imperial RomeÃ¢â¬â¢(281). The play is a very pertinent portrayal of a political system and the rules that curtail in order to become a good ruler or to be able to acquire the throne. Shakespeare highlights some of very negative aspects of human nature in this play and these aspects also act as major themes of this play which includes deception, jealousy, ambitiousness, revenge and fickle moral and ethical values. The word play in this drama is very strong as Shakespeare through his use of s imple words has been able to deliver all the strong emotions like anger, hatred and love very effectively to his readers and audience. 2. Scene 2 Act 3 This scene commences with BrutusÃ¢â¬â¢s speech that he delivers in front of the crowd of the common citizens of Rome in which he makes an attempt to justify his actions i.e. CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢s murder. Scene 2 of act 3 holds a lot of importance in the play as it is an anti climax to CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢s death as this scene leads to the avenging of CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢s murder... 2.1. Crowd and Readers/Audience a Single Entity One of the unique qualities of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s play is that any scene that involves a crowd or mass public in such scenes readers or the audience is also become a part of that crowd. It is through the delivery of the dialogues and the gestures of the characters or actors that give a feeling of oneness to the readers with the crowd in the play. Shakespeare uses his words in such a manner that it keeps the audience or the readers enthralled with all the action taking place in the play and the spectators can actually feel and live the emotions that a particular scene projects as is also true in the case scene 2 of Julius Caesar. 2.2. Purpose This scene is important to the play because it acts as an anti thesis to the negativity that Brutus had instigated about Caesar. Although Caesar dies midway through the play but the character traits of Caesar that are unveiled in AntonyÃ¢â¬â¢s speech in this scene act as an instigator that keeps his memory alive through out the play and his existence is felt through the rest of the acts even in his absence. Moreover figuratively it also makes the reader or audience realize the importance of words in general because basically in this scene it is BrutusÃ¢â¬â¢s word against Antony however the power of diction is reiterated in this scene as it is observed that earlier the crowd agreed with Brutus that Caesar was the villain as stated in the text, Ã¢â¬ËThis Caesar was a tyrant.Ã¢â¬â¢ Also Ã¢â¬ËWe are blessed that Rome is rid of himÃ¢â¬â¢ (75, 76). However when Antony takes the stage his speech is more full of grief and anger and hence the crowd is swayed and the agree that actually Brutus is the culprit as also mentioned in the text,
Sunday, February 2, 2020
Visual Identity - Essay Example Honestly, when I have looked at the first Apple logo, it becomes clear why the company decided to replace it right away and turn it into more simple and meaningful visual symbol. Initially, over time the Apple logo in its form of apple has changed beginning with a Ã¢â¬Ërainbow appleÃ¢â¬â¢, than continuing with an aqua color scheme, and ending with white and raw-aluminum color schemes that is well-known for all users now and still remains recognizable and associated in peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s minds with Apple Inc. Yet, the Apple logo has a very symbolical meaning and tells its customers that an apple, being the Ã¢â¬Ëfruit of the Tree of KnowledgeÃ¢â¬â¢ gives people an opportunity to cognize science and leave piece of knowledge in own hearts and minds. Thinking about basic design elements and graphic techniques that were used in the creation of this visual identity we can mention that the last polished chrome logo is an ideal variant for a serious computer company, because it has not any extras, while a silvery chrome finish freshens up the icon in the best
Saturday, January 25, 2020
Relationship Between Molecular Size and Rate of Diffusion DIFFUSION AND OSMOSIS Minh Thu Vo INTRODUCTION The center of this lab states around the diffusion across a cellular membrane, how exactly materials move and diffuse in concentrations. Both diffusion and osmosis are forms of movement that are part of passive transport dealing with cell membranes. Diffusion is where the solutes move from an area of high concentration to a low concentration. Water goes through the cell membranes by diffusion. Osmosis is specifically the movement of water through membranes. Since osmosis and diffusion are both part of passive transport, this means that they do not require energy or pumps. There are different environments created due to diffusion. There are hypotonic, hypertonic, and isotonic environments. Hypotonic is when the solution has a lower solute concentration compared to the water potential. The hypertonic solution has a higher solute concentration and lower water potential. In an isotonic solution, there is no net movement and there is an equal concentration of solutes and water (Veno). In our lab, we modeled diffusion and osmosis with a hospital scenario. It is important for a solution to have sugar sucrose in it so the water and solute can be equal to create an isotonic environment. If there wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t, there would either be a hypotonic causing the cell to burst, or there would be hypertonic causing the cell to shrink. Purpose of this experience states the relationship between molecular size and the rate of diffusion across a semi-permeable membrane. The osmotis behavior in plant cells and the relationship between the osmolarity of the surrounding solution and this behavior. Each cell type have a unique osmolarity and be able to quantitatively estimate the osmolarity of plant cells experimentally with the use of solution of varying solute concentrations (Lab manual). We created models of living cells by using dialysis tubing. The dialysis tube represented the cell membrane to act as selectively permeable to water and some solutes. Osmosis is a particular kind of diffusion, because the diffusion happens with water molecules moving from an area of greater concentration to an area of lesser concentration, passing through a selectively permeable membrane. By taking into consideration the movement of two liquids (the iodine and the starch) through a semi-permeable membrane (the dialysis tubing), and bearing in mind the definition of osmosis, we should expect the two substances to mix with each other until the entire content of the test tube appears a homogeneous mix of starch and iodine. However, we know from the background information that starch molecules are very large carbohydrate molecules, and we also know that selectively permeable membranes only guarantee the passage to small or medium molecules; by knowing this additional information, we can state the following hypotheses. If the starch molecules are too large to pass through the selectively permeable membrane (the dialysis tubing), then the iodine (which has small molecules) will expand from the space around the dialysis tubing (point of high concentration), and move through it, going to the inside of the tubing (point of low concentration) until equilibrium is gained; while the starch will not manage to diffuse throughout the test tube, and so will remain inside the tubing and never achieve equilibrium. Instead, if the starch molecules are small enough to pass through the selectively permeable membrane (the dialysis tubing), then the iodine will expand from the space around the dialysis tubing (point of high concentration), and move through it, going to the inside the tubing (point of low concentration) until equilibrium is gained; while the starch will diffuse from inside the tubing (point of high concentration), move through it and diffuse out the test tube (point of low concentration), and so will also achieve equilibrium. MATERIALS AND METHODS Part A: Diffusion of molecules through a selectively permeable membrane Prepare the dialysis bag with the initial solutions of starch and glucose, then tight the bad by rubber band. Pour water into a baker then add several drop of I2KI to have the color light brown. Place the bag of mix solution in the beaker and wait about 30 minutes to remove this bag into another dry beaker. Pour the solution of beaker into a clean tube, add some drop BenedictÃ¢â¬â¢s reagent to tube then heat it. 1) iodine entered the bag, because the solution within the dialysis bag changed from a clear color to a blue/black color. We know because the solution within the bag contains starch that the blue/black color is caused by the diffusion of iodine into the bag, which then reacted with the starch present. Glucose diffused out of the bag, an area of high glucose concentration, into the beaker solution, an area of low glucose concentration. We know this because after the experiment was conducted we tested the beaker solution for glucose using BenedictÃ¢â¬â¢s solution. This indicates that glucose molecules are small enough to diffuse through the membrane. 2) The movement of iodine resulted from the relative high concentration of it outside the bag compared the solution within the bag. It also occurred because it is small enough to diffuse through the pores in the membrane. The glucose was in higher concentration in the bag compared to outside the bag resulting in it to diffuse through the bag. Glucose was able to diffuse through the bag because it is small enough, but we know the starch didnÃ¢â¬â¢t diffuse, even though there was a concentration gradient, because the outside solution after the experiment was conducted didnÃ¢â¬â¢t react to iodine. This means the starch was too large for the membrane 3) I would expect the glucose and IKI molecules the diffuse out of the bag as a result of the higher concentration of the two of them inside the bag in relation to the outside of the bag. When the I2KI diffuses out of the bag I would expect it to react with the starch present outside of the bag and turn the solution blue/black. I would also expect the solution outside the bag to react positively to BenedictÃ¢â¬â¢s solution at the end of the experiment due to the glucose that diffused into it. The starch is too large to diffuse, so I would expect it not diffuse at all. Part B: Osmotic behavior in cells Prapare a slide of Elodea in sucrose O.5M solution and another slide of Elodea in distilled water. Part C: Estimating the osmolarity of plant cells Add 100mL of each solution in to 7 beakers as following order: DI water, sucrose 0.1M, 0.2M, 0.3M, 0.4M, 0.5M, 0.6M. Use sharp blade the get 7 sample of potato, weight each sample then transfer to each beaker solution. Incubate them about 1 hour then remove all sample out of beaker, blot them onto paper to dry then weight each sample. The experiment we conducted gave the result that when a potato has contact with a sucrose solution, the cells will start to shrink. We did this by cutting up slices of potato and weighed them and recorded their initial weights. We used deionized water and different concentrations of sucrose. We than placed each potato slice in beakers with their designated solutions. We let them soak and incubate for an hour then we removed them from the beakers. Next we measured their new weights and recorded them. The objective of this experiment is to detect diffusion and osmosis in potato cells in sucrose solutions. Diffusion is the spontaneous spread of molecules from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration. Osmosis is a type of diffusion involving water. The results will either be hypertonic or hypotonic. Hypertonic means that the solution is more salute than water. Hypotonic means less salute and more water. For this lab, we can apply these principles to plant cells. The plant cells have a semi permeable membrane so they can experience osmosis and diffusion as discussed earlier. When it comes to the potato cells, added with sucrose it will experience a reaction changing the form of the cells. The hypothesis of this experiment goes as follows, if we place potato cells in a sucrose solution, then the cells will shrink. They will shrink because when the sucrose is added the water in the potato, where there is high concentration, will move to the outside of the potato where there is low concentration. RESULTS Part A Table 1: Iodine and BenedictÃ¢â¬â¢s test Part C Graph molarity of sucrose solution vs % change weight potato DISCUSSION Part A The clolor of beaker change to orange after BenedictÃ¢â¬â¢s test that indicate glucose molecule are small enogh to disuse through the membrane. Glucose diffused out of the bag, an are of high glucose concentration into the beaker solution where area of low glucose concentration. 1) iodine entered the bag, because the solution within the dialysis bag changed from a clear color to a blue/black color. We know because the solution within the bag contains starch that the blue/black color is caused by the diffusion of iodine into the bag, which then reacted with the starch present. Glucose diffused out of the bag, an area of high glucose concentration, into the beaker solution, an area of low glucose concentration. We know this because after the experiment was conducted we tested the beaker solution for glucose using BenedictÃ¢â¬â¢s solution. This indicates that glucose molecules are small enough to diffuse through the membrane. 2) The movement of iodine resulted from the relative high concentration of it outside the bag compared the solution within the bag. It also occurred because it is small enough to diffuse through the pores in the membrane. The glucose was in higher concentration in the bag compared to outside the bag resulting in it to diffuse through the bag. Glucose was able to diffuse through the bag because it is small enough, but we know the starch didnÃ¢â¬â¢t diffuse, even though there was a concentration gradient, because the outside solution after the experiment was conducted didnÃ¢â¬â¢t react to iodine. This means the starch was too large for the membrane 3) I would expect the glucose and IKI molecules the diffuse out of the bag as a result of the higher concentration of the two of them inside the bag in relation to the outside of the bag. When the I2KI diffuses out of the bag I would expect it to react with the starch present outside of the bag and turn the solution blue/black. I would also expect the solution outside the bag to react positively to BenedictÃ¢â¬â¢s solution at the end of the experiment due to the glucose that diffused into it. The starch is too large to diffuse, so I would expect it not diffuse at all. Part B Base on predictions and observation, 0.5M sucrose is hypertonic solution and distilled water is hypotonic solution. Sucrose has the greatest osmolarity. I expect pond water would be hypertonic because it contains compound that make expand to the cell wall (dangerous for cell), in fact pond water is a hypotonic. Part C Base on graph, at sucrose molarity 0.2M is the curve cross the zero change line. This information can be used to determine the osmolarity of the potato tissue. Sucrose 0.2M make no change weight potato that means the natural potato sucrose molarity at 0.2M. If solution has higher molarity than potato, it loses weight because water move out of cell. In contast, the solution is lower molarity then it gains weight and water move into the cell. Thus I can estimate the osmolarity of the potato tuber tissue is sucrose 0.2M. From the results taken, the more concentrated solutions of sugar seemed to draw the water towards it. This supports my hypothesis and also shows that sugar is also a hypertonic solution since it is were there was more water brought into the solution than outside of it. This could be applied in the real world with people who suffer from dehydration. By raising the sugar level in their body, they are more likely to take in more water into their cells. One thing that could be tried in future experiments could be to add additional types of solutions to the experiment that would simulate more of the human internal cell system. By adding more substances, the chances of seeing how osmosis truly works in the body can be seen that could prove useful for medical purposes (Towle). REFERENCES CSULA, lab manual Biol 100b, 2015 Ã¢â¬Å"Plasma MembraneÃ¢â¬ Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. 2009. 8th Nov. 2009. Towle, Albert, Modern Biology, Holt, Rinehart and Winston Inc., Orlando, Fl, 1993. Veno, Barbara, slides and take notes biol 100b
Friday, January 17, 2020
Target area being assessed by the author is hospice service in Sioux Falls and surrounding areas provided by Avera Mckennan. Hospice care is end-of-life care provided by health professionals and volunteers Hospice care provides medical services, emotional support, and spiritual resources for people who are in the last stages of terminal illness. Although most hospice patients are cancer patients, hospice accepts anyone regardless of age and type of disease. The goal of hospice treatment is to keep patient comfortable and improve quality of life. Hospice care tries to manage symptoms so that patientÃ¢â¬â¢s last days may be spent with dignity, surrounded by his/her loved ones. Hospice care is family-centered: the patient and family are both included in the care plan and emotional, spiritual and practical support is provided depending on the patients wishes and families needs. Hospice is not so much a place, as it is a philosophy of care with a family-centered approach that considers the patient and family to be the unit of care (Lattanzi-Licht et al. , 1998). Avera Mckennan Hospice Services are the main focus of author. Avera McKennanÃ¢â¬â¢s Home Hospice and Palliative Care program office is located in the Dougherty Hospice House. Through this program, they provide hospice services in a variety environments: hospice care in the home setting, hospice care in an assisted living facility, hospice care in a skilled nursing facility and also, in Dougherty Hospice House. The Dougherty Hospice House is a unique sixteen bed hospice facility located on the Prince of Peace campus. This place provides a home like setting with specious rooms for patient and sleeping accommodations for family members. It also has a meditation room, wireless internet, beautiful meditative garden, large dining and family room for families to gather, and library. Dougherty Hospice House and its surrounding property are tobacco free environments. About 80% of all hospice care is provided in private homes, nursing homes, independent and assisted living facilities (Caffrey, C. et al. , 2011). If hospice care provided in patientÃ¢â¬â¢s home, a family member will look after their loved one much of the time. Someone form hospice team will usually visit patient once or twice a week assessing a patient and addressing current health issues. Avera McKennan Hospice team consist of 25 people including nurses, social workers, spiritual advisors/chaplains, nursing assistants, trained volunteers, pharmacist and medical director. In case of emergency home hospice patient can call the 24-hour hospice number for advice. A nurse usually can come to patientÃ¢â¬â¢s house at any time of the day or night or give an advise over the phone. Based on the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s circumstances and stage of care, a hospice interdisciplinary team (IDT) may provide variety of services. Registered nurses assist patient with management of discomfort, pain and side effects of previous treatment ( nausea from chemotherapy). Also nurses help educate both patient and family about what is happening. The nurse is a link connecting patient, family and physician. Home health aids provide extra support for personal care such as bathing, shaving, dressing and eating. Trained hospice volunteers offer assistance with everyday tasks such as shopping, babysitting, and carpooling. They are being available to listen to the patients and families and offer compassionate support. Primary doctor approves plan of care for hospice patient and works with hospice team. A hospice medical director who has expertise in symptom management and end-of-life care is available to the attending physician, patient and family, and hospice team as a great resource and consultant. Chaplains, priests, or other spiritual counselors help patient and family explore the meaning of the death, and perform religious ceremony specific to the patient. Respite care can be provided by inpatient hospice to give family a break from stress of care giving in up to 5-day periods. This service recognizes the need for caregivers to have time away from caretaking roles (Ingleton, Payne, Nolan, & Carey, 2003;Lattanzi-Licht e. l. , 1998). Terms such as caregiver burden (Chwalisz & Kisler, 1995), caretaker role fatigue, spousal burnout, and role engulfment refer to an imbalance between the physical and mental resources needed to give care and those available within the family unit (Reese & Sontag, 2001). Regularly scheduled family conferences most often led by the hospice nurse or social worker allow patient and family members share feelings, talk about what to expect, what is needed, and learn about process of dying. The interdisciplinary team coordinates Avera McKennan Hospice services and supervises al care 7 days a week, 24 hours a day. The team is making sure that current information is shared among all the services involved in patients care. Official Community Government (form of government). For-profit and nonprofit hospices have the same regulations. They must comply with State low and Code of Federal Regulations governing hospice care. For-profit hospices grow more than six times faster than nonprofit hospices. Profit sometimes risks compromising the quality of care patients receive. Nonprofit hospices provide hospice services to anyone including persons who do not have health insurance coverage and cannot afford to pay for care. In this case, nonprofit hospice can provide services to person free of charge as part of its charitable mission because nonprofit status of the hospice requires it to offer charitable services and they are dedicated to the mission of caring those in need. Main purpose of for-profit hospices is to make money and pay dividends to their stockholders. They have no obligation to provide services to anyone who does not have Medicare, Medicaid or private insurance coverage. However, both type of hospices are trying to make money, but when they compete for patients, they must provide better care. AveraÃ¢â¬â¢s Home hospice services are covered 100% under Medicare and some Medicaid plans, but inpatient care at the Dougherty Hospice House involve some financial expense. Social workers offer patients and their families help with payment options and never turn away a patient for inability to pay for the service. Medicare is the primary payer for hospice services covering 77% of all hospice expenses. The rest is paid for by Medicaid (4%), private insurance (12%) or other sources (7%). Compare to hospital and skilled nursing facilities, hospice is considered a cost-effective service. Hospice charges per day are much lower than hospitals and skilled nursing facilities. Hospice care is covered in full by most insurance. Medicare and Medicaid provide a special Hospice Benefit. This benefit provides 100% coverage for visit by staff, medications related to the hospice illness, durable medical equipment in the home, and supplies for skin care, incontinence management, dressings, etc. Hospice care covered under Medicare includes both inpatient care when needed, and home care services. The focus of hospice is on care, emphasizing help the person to make the most of each day by providing comfort and pain relief. Most private insurance companies include hospice care as a benefit. Patient and family can hire hospice providers and pay for their services out of pocket. If patient has a limited financial resources, non-profit hospices provide services without charge as part of charitable mission. Any patient who enters hospice must be evaluated at the time of admission to the hospice program. Hospice dietitians assist the patient in reaching the best nutritional goals, depending on the current state of the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s condition. Common problems for hospice patients are nausea and vomiting. These can be controlled with anti-emetics in some cases, while for some patient s change of diet is sufficient. Educating patient and family about the changes occurring in the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s body is imperative. During the course of illness, patient experience changes to some extend in their food intake. It is common for the hospital patient to reduce oral intake of food and fluids as the disease progresses. In general, there is metabolism alterations occur in patientÃ¢â¬â¢s body with a terminal illness. Furthermore, there comes a time when the body begins to break cells down instead of building them up. At this point, the body is no longer takes nutrients in. Sometimes patients are forced to take food by family members; in this case the body may refuse through vomiting or diarrhea. A hospice dietitian will explain when this point is reached. However, addressing to stop oral intake before this point is reached is not appropriate. Ongoing assessment of hospice patient nutritional needs will help to determine if there is any appetite change or ability to take the food in and keep it. Based on a study of the non-hospice end-of-life experience of 3,357 seriously ill patients who died reported 40% were in severe pain prior to their death, and 25% experienced moderate to great anxiety of depression before they died (Lynn, 1997). However, hospice is a compassionate way to deliver health care and supportive services. Despite the low South DakotaÃ¢â¬â¢s death rate compare the national death rate, the two leading causes of death are heart disease and cancer, accounted for half of South Dakota deaths. Healthy lifestyle changes are critical in reducing deaths due to cancer and heart disease. These modifications can be accomplished by reducing tobacco use, increasing physical activity, and developing healthy eating habits. Minorities in South Dakota include African American, Asian, and Hispanic populations. In general, language barriers, transportation, finances, and lack of insurance were found to be the issues encountered by minorities in seeking adequate health care. Furthermore, end of life care is not reach minority population and remains as a national issue. The majority of hospice patient care is provided in the place patient calls Ã¢â¬Å"homeÃ¢â¬ . In addition to private residences, this includes nursing homes and assisted living facilities. As the health care becomes better, the population lives longer. Nursing home patients benefit from hospice services as much as people living in their homes. According to studies, nursing home residents enrolled in hospice were less likely to be hospitalized in the final 30 days of their life (24% vs. 44%) (Miller, 2001). They were more likely to be assessed for pain, were twice as likely to receive pain management within clinical guidelines (Miller, 2004). Large percentage of elderly people receives home hospice service. Many homes need some modifications for the hospice services to be provided. For example, a bedroom may need to be relocated to a main level of the house for those who have difficulties claiming stairs. There is widening of the hallways may be required to accommodate a wheelchair access. Because of the growing number of people who wish to stay and receive care at home, general contractors are available to assess remodeling needs. A number of programs and sources provide reduced rates, loans, or free services with home modifications.
Thursday, January 9, 2020
Sample details Pages: 9 Words: 2671 Downloads: 5 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Finance Essay Type Research paper Did you like this example? INTRODUCTION Principal-Agent Relationships for Investment Purposes Principal-Agent relationships occur in many forms in business. Understanding these relationships is crucial for investors in order to make better investment decision. Theory of Principal-Agent Relationships The relationships between and among multiple stakeholders is complicated and provides many opportunities for one party to gain at the expense of another party. The Theory of Principal-Agent Relationships recognizes that there can be friction between relationships when one person acts for someone else. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Analysis Impact Of Principal Agency Relationship Finance Essay" essay for you Create order Principal-Agency Relationships Defined Agency Theory refers to analyses associate with the Principal-Agent Relationship which occurs whenever one person acts in the interests of another. Many situations create a principal-agent relationship between two people. Explicit relationships include those situations where one person acts in the interests of another through contractual agreements. For example, when owners of a corporation hire a manager to run the company using his/her expertise and experience, a formal contract is created where the managers act in the interests of the owners in exchange for compensation such as a salary, stocks, and even perquisites. Some principal-agent relationships do not operate formally but exist as though there is agency. For example, employees and managers in a corporation do not have a formal agency relationship. This is because the managers do not themselves compensate the employees for working on behalf of the managers. However, at some point in their relationship, the managers must rely on the employees without monitoring them all the time. This relationship can still be defined and governed by theories of agency (www.brighthub.com) BACKGROUND AND ANALYSIS Principal-Agent Relationships and the Conflicts That Can Arise Within Them Principal-Agent Relationships exist whenever one person or party works in the interests of another party. Some of these relationships arise through obligatory contractual relationships and some can be informal or even hidden relationships that only reveal themselves at a point in the future. The set of contracts model of Modern Corporation demonstrates that many stakeholders are affected, both formally and informally, by the corporate body. One of the moral problems managers of a firm face is which stakeholders to satisfy to keep the corporation profitable while at the same time remaining cognizant of the ethical dilemmas of maximizing shareholder wealth to the detriment of other stakeholders. Is the primary purpose of the principal-agent relationship to take into account only the owners interests? What would the owners think of reducing shareholder wealth to satisfy moral obligations to other stakeholders? The principle of self-interested behavior states that the managers of a firm will act in their own self-interest (www.brighthub.com). What happens when acting in their own self-interest creates moral problems to both stockholders and stakeholders? An Example of Principal-Agent Conflict Suppose a company enjoyed a particularly profitable quarter with record sales and retention of a large amount of cash from normal operations. This windfall is the direct result of the employees, the owners agents, who worked hard to maximize corporate and, consequently, shareholder wealth. The managers of the firm must decide what is the best use for the extra cash lying around as a liquid asset? The managers have decided that the money should be used for one of two purposes: employee wage increases to reward the hard work that created the extra income or a payment of a large dividend to the shareholders as a reward for investing the capital necessary to make the extra income. The principle of self interested behavior would suggest that the stockholders would want the dividend option since it means more wealth for them. Employees, however, would prefer the wage increases for the same reason. The self-interest principle would also suggest that the managers making the decision would want the wage increases because it would mean more money in their pockets. This example illustrates the conflicts that can arise in principal-agent relationships. In fact, imagine that as and incentive to make the firm as profitable as possible, part of the managers compensation package includes shares of stock in the firm. The complexity of agency theory becomes clearer still because the managers will benefit from either a wage increase or a dividend distribution. The shrewd manager will do a little calculating to determine which alternative or combination of the two alternatives will maximize his/her self-interest (www.brighthub.com). Characteristics One of the most important characteristics of Islamic financing is that it is an asset-backed financing. As compare to conventional financing, the banks and financial institutions normally deal in money and monetary papers. In Islam, however, money should not be used as a subject matter of trade to generate profit (except in some special cases); rather it is only a medium of exchange. Thus, profit is generated when something is sold for money or when different currencies are exchanged, one for another. The profit earned through dealing in money (of the same currency) or the papers representing money is considered as interest (riba) and therefore prohibited. Consequently, unlike conventional financial institution, financing in Islam is always based on illiquid assets which create real assets and inventories. Looking into this perspective, of course, the most suitable and ideal instruments of financing in Shariah are musharakah and mudarabah. Under these two instruments, the money contributed by the financier is converted into the assets having intrinsic utility. Thus, profits are generated through the sale or trading of these real assets. Similarly, financing on the basis of salam and istisna also creates real assets. The financier in the case of Salam receives real goods and makes profit by selling them in the market. In the same way istisna financing also created real assets through manufacturing process, in which the financier earns profits. Financial leases (ijarah), murabahah and bay bithaman ajil, however, are not originally modes of financing in the Shariah (www.hijrahmedia.com). But, in order to meet some needs, these instruments have been restructure in a manner that they can be used as Islamic financing methods, in the sectors where musharakah, mudarabah, salam or istisna are not workable due to some reasons or another. Several western scholars have argued about remarkable shift in Islamic banking practices from the theory This argument came actually from Islamic economists. The problem is that they and their Western imitators put the carriage before the horse. They theorized a model that turned out to be unrealistic and inconsistent with financial intermediation. The Model they theorized is the two-tier Mudarabah but the practice used Murabahah and leasing on the use of funds side of the banking transactions. Both modes are more consistent with financial intermediation while Mudarabah is more of a venture capital approach rather than financial intermediation process. Obviously Mudarabah succeeded on the funds mobilization side, in investment deposits because banks are regulated financial institutions, businesses are different. This means that the theory was wrong. Yet many Islamic economists stick to it in a dogmatic manner because they accuse Murabahah to be less Islamic. This struggle is apparent in the five-year discussion of the newly adopted law of an Islamic banking in Kuwait. The law final ly went along with permitting the Islamic bank to enter directly in business venture on its own initiative. In spite of the restrictions and the discretionary authority the central bank may exercise, this approach loosen specialization and allow the Islamic bank to compete with business and to have its own stores for goods and services instead of remaining a financial intermediary only (www.financeinislam.com). FINDINGS Mudarabah is essentially an agreement between a financier and an entrepreneur the principals. However, taking account of the modern social structure and context, the pioneers of Islamic banking brought in an intermediary between the principals and created a two-tier mudaraba. This modified form of mudaraba was introduced into conventional commercial banking in the form of profit-and-loss-sharing (PLS) investment accounts and financing arrangements. The earned profit (which is an uncertain and unpredictable return on capital) was to replace the interest (a pre-determined fixed return) in the conventional setting. This, however, was not acceptable to the conventional banking authorities (www.islamicbanking.nl). Therefore, except in a few countries where rules were relaxed or special banking laws were enacted, it was not possible to establish and operate Islamic banks in most countries of the world. In such countries Islamic financial institutions, which did not come under deposit ban k regulations, were introduced. In both cases, while the deposit/investment side worked on mudaraba basis, mudaraba was only one of several modes used for financing. Though a preferred one in theory, in practice it became one of the least used. The most used forms are modes of trade, and this has led to questions of morality and ethics. In addition, Islamic banks are unable to provide all the financing services expected of a commercial bank (ÃâÃ ¾ÃâÃ ¾, Commercial Banking in the presence of Inflation: 1999). In Islam, there is a clear difference between lending and investing ÃâÃ ¾ lending can be done only on the basis of zero interest and capital guarantee, and investing only on the basis of mudaraba. Conventional banking does not ÃâÃ ¾ and need not ÃâÃ ¾ make this differentiation. But a system catering to Muslims has to take this into consideration and ÃÆ'Ã ¢Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã ¬ÃâÃ ¦provide for two sub-systems ÃâÃ ¾ one to cater to those who would lend a nd another for those who wish to invest. The first sub-system would cater to those who wish to put their money into a bank for safety and transaction convenience; and the bank would provide all current account facilities and short-term loans and advances (Saleh, Nabil A., 1986). ISSUES, CHALLENGES AND PROBLEMS Issues in implementation The implementation of this system requires the cultivation of new attitudes on the part of all the participants. This is a tall order but is an absolute necessity if we are to create a truly riba-free economy. It requires more from each participant, but it also offers more both to the individual and to the society as a whole. From the investor it requires the full understanding that he/she/it may incur loss and that he will have to wait longer to know the results, but it promises a truly riba-free income and possibly better profits. From the entrepreneur it requires complete and accurate bookkeeping and full disclosure of all his/her/its accounts and the sharing of his bounty with his financiers, but it provides him with capital without collateral and the guarantee that in case there is a loss he will not be required to make it up, provided he had been honest in his dealings and his books will substantiate it. The intermediary is both a banker and an entrepreneur. As an entrepreneu r, he too is required to be honest in his dealings, and accurate and transparent as to his bookkeeping and accounts (www.islamicbanking.nl). Bankers are trained to be very cautious, because their first concern is to guarantee the safety of the funds deposited with them. But in this system they are relieved of that concern because the investors have agreed to take the risk, and therefore if they persist with the bankers attitude they will miss many opportunities at the investors expense. On the other hand, too much adventurism can bring about low profits or even loss, and that may lead to the loss of customers. They must have an entrepreneurs natural talent to spot profitable projects and to avoid bad ones, and should develop it into a professional tool. The intermediarys staff will have to be carefully picked and trained to bring out inherent entrepreneurial talent. Such intermediaries will have ample reward, as they will share in the profits. It requires a new culture, a culture of entrepreneur-financiers and of professionally run partnership companies. The system is heavily dependent on proper and accurate bookkeeping, accounting and auditing. That requires the availability of trained bookkeepers and their wide use, as well as professionally responsible and well-trained accountants and auditors. They are the bedrock of the system. The system requires a high level of integrity from these personnel, and it is in the interest of all the participants in the system to respect it. Substantial investment is necessary in the training of such personnel, and legal protection is necessary to safeguard the independence of the auditors. The comprehensive system presented in the four books groups the entire spectrum of business activities into three broad categories: at one end is the one-man-owned-and-operated small enterprises, including the ones financed or supported by loans and advances from commercial banks, and at the other end are the large enterprises fi nanced entirely by shareholders and managed by professionals. In between are the proposed participatory-financed enterprises. The size of the enterprise is an important factor in this categorisation, and the type of financing and the type of organisation must generally match the size. Presently in all developing countries ÃâÃ ¾ to which group most of the Muslim economies belong ÃâÃ ¾ the distribution is highly skewed towards the smaller end. To achieve a better and stable economy, it is necessary to bring about a more even distribution (www.islamicbanking.nl). The mudaraba principle is applicable to a range of situations, from a simple local two-person partnership to a multiparty international corporation. A shareholder company works essentially on the mudaraba principle. But the participatory financing scheme envisaged in this article aims at the middle section of this range. It brings in the intermediary, and provides the investors with a unit trust type of investment o pportunity. The scheme is ideally suited to medium scale new enterprises. However, it is possible to modify it slightly and bring in some of the running businesses too into the participatory financing system. The enterprise is a running business and has debts owing to, say, a commercial bank. In this case, the investment bank/company will pay up all the debts and go into partnership with the enterprise, as in the first case, with this amount as its capital contribution (Yasseri, Ali, 2000). In establishing the new institution of mudaraba-based investment and finance, using the participatory financing scheme as described above, it is preferable to start with medium size running businesses. This will provide a stable base for the new institution to test the theory and to gain experience. CONCLUSION Principal-Agent Relationships range from the simple to the complex. In corporations, the set of contracts view of the firm illustrates the complexity of multiple agency relationships across many stakeholders. When an investor values a firm, the evaluation always takes into account the risk associated with the separation of ownership and control. Investors must ask: what assurances are in place to make certain agents in the firm are working for the best interest of the owned. In order to bring about a riba-free economy, the countrys banking system has to be riba-free, its commercial enterprises have to be financed by equity capital, and its investments have to be on a profit and loss sharing basis. This article has dealt with investment and financing, and has introduced a mudaraba-based system called participatory financing that takes into account present-day realities. This is a new institution specifically developed to address the concerns of Muslims. It has no parallel in the conventional economy, but the individual tools and techniques it uses are ones tested and proved in the conventional setting. Thus, while re-invention of the wheel has been avoided, proving the viability of the new institution and benefiting from it are challenges specific to Muslims. It is for the Muslim intellectuals, professionals, investors, entrepreneurs, and other concerned individuals, institutions and organisations to take up the challenge. Conflicts arise in Principal-Agent relationships when alternatives faced by the agent can affect his/her own personal interests. Some principals go to great lengths to monitor and limit the power of agents to ensure that the principals interests are properly adhered to. However, it is nearly impossible to monitor and limit the agent to a point where no conflicts are possible. In addition, these steps taken by the principal may limit the agent so much that he/she can not ensure that the interests of the principal are acted upon in a man ner where positive outcomes are maximized.
Wednesday, January 1, 2020
Montgomery County Correctional Facility (MCCF) abides by a Ã¢â¬Å"no contactÃ¢â¬ policy that prevents all citizens detained from being able to physically touch any visitors they receive. This policy is even more restrictive than usual because all visitation must be conducted through Plexiglas windows, using phones to communicate. The Collaboration CouncilÃ¢â¬â¢s Creating Healthy Bonds (CHB) program is focused on building the relationships of families affected by incarceration. As it stands, the facilityÃ¢â¬â¢s visitation policy operates conversely to best practices, making it both a literal and figurative barrier to CHB meeting its goals. In short, MCCF needs a policy change. Research Attachment theory research indicates that, Ã¢â¬Å"many children affected byÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Each of these studies found that rates of recidivism decreased as family ties strengthened through increased number and quality of visits and participation in specifically designed programming. However, stressful and strict visitation policies cause in-person visitations to have negative effects. Such policies for child visits include: visits behind Plexiglas, children being frisked, harsh treatment for correctional officers, and no-contact visits. One scholar argues that, Ã¢â¬Å"the way the prison imposes on familiesÃ¢â¬â¢ lives is a form of secondary prisonization, a weakened but still compelling version of the elaborate regulations, concentrated surveillance, and corporeal confinement governing the lives of ensnared felons.Ã¢â¬ In summation, restrictive visitation policies do not support Ã¢â¬Å"the close contact that could reassure children of parental availability,Ã¢â¬ and thus can further damage parent-child attachments, making them even less secure. Finally, it is important to note that the Social Services Administration, family courts, and foster children have their own unique needs with regards to parental visitation. Historically, courts have typically terminated the guardianship of an incarcerated parent for three main reasons: (1) abandonment, (2) the nature of the felony conviction, and (3) the length of time in foster care. However, many states have sinceShow MoreRelatedExamine Research on Applications of Life Span Psychology on the Children Defense Fund Program1254 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageslifespan psychology to create applications that strengthen public policy and programs. The program selected for this assignment is the Children defense fund program. The Children Defense fund is a nationwide organization put in place to ensure that every child is treated fair and has an effective and promising start in life, regardless of their race, background or disability. The Children Defense fund program work he psychologists, and policy makers and the community to conduct research on lifespan developmentRead MoreComplex Interactions And Shifting Ideals Shroud Our Country s Policy Process Essay1328 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesComplex interactions and shifting ideals shroud our countryÃ¢â¬â¢s policy process. In an effort to better conceptualize and demystify this process, frameworks such as KingdonÃ¢â¬â¢s Multiple Streams Approach (MSA) seeks to offer political actors a model of how social problems transform into living policies. Multiple Streams Approach proposes that existing social circumstances, when rightly redefined in policy proposals and paired with the ideal political climate, can lead to productive political decision-makingRead MoreThe And Family Centered Care815 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEncouraging unrestrictive family presence through open visitation practices can ensure critical care patients and their families are provided with the opportuni ty to maintain communication, actively participate in the decision-making process, and assist with the provision of care.1 Despite professional organizations for critical care nursing advocating for unrestrictive family presence, many critical care units have not adopted an open visitation policy. 2,3 According to the American Association of Critical-CareRead MoreAn Elective Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair1187 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescurrent visitation policy and allows her to visit after work. 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Next, the barriers that prevent open visitation and the implications for practice will be acknowledgedRead MoreCurrent Open Visitation Practices Within The Critical Care Setting978 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesprovide a contextual overview of the current open visitation practices within the critical care setting. The introduction will begin by highlighting the American Association of Critical-Care NursesÃ¢â¬â¢ and Canadian Association of Critical Care NursesÃ¢â¬â¢ support for open visitation practices and include the argument that unrestrictive family presences is indicative of patient- and family-centered care. Next, the barriers that prevent open visitation and the implications for practice will be acknowledgedRead MoreThe On Ball State University1321 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswith a lot of well-thought-out policies. Since 1918, Ball State has maintained a well-organized university, which is impressive when you consider the large enrollment number. However, one policy that Ball State could improve is the visitation policy. The current visitation policy is generally one of the biggest criticisms with Ball State, and for good reason. The current policy does not permit guests over in the dorms past midnight on weeknights. The reason why the policy is a problem is because it hindersRead MoreAnalysis Of The Children And Youth Agency727 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesSelect a policy or practice that interests you at your internship site. The policy and/or practice, I will be focusing my policy analysis is a state law implemented by the Children and Youth Agency: Ã § 3130.68. Visiting and communication policies. This is a section from the Chapter 3130, Administration of County Children and Youth Social Service Programs pertaining to visitation between the parents and the child that the agency provides. Describe the policy or practice clearly. This PennsylvaniaRead MoreCollege Is Not Only Just A Time For Education880 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageselsewhere. Visitation is a huge part of the everyday life of a college student. Everyone has friends, they want to come visit them, some of the same sex and others of the opposite. Being that Charleston Southern is a parochial college their visitation policy is stricter than those of a regular college. There is nothing wrong with a Christian school having its limits upon this subject, but it should only go so far. After all, it is still a college. It is clearly understood as to why the visitation policy